Conservative intellectuals are now the biggest beneficiaries of Brexit.
In the run-up to the vote, the party was largely dominated by those who had previously supported Remain.
But this year, with the Tories on course to lose its majority, Conservative intellectuals have taken up the mantle of the Brexit cause.
Here’s how it happened.1.
Intellectuals vote for Brexit, and Conservatives lose the election.
In the lead-up, there were hints that the party would lose its nerve.
A Tory MP told the BBC that his party was “not going to be a party that does anything for the people”.
But by the end of the campaign, that had become a mantra.
Conservative voters were clearly in favour of leaving the EU.
And when they voted, they were largely in favour – at least in part.
As the Guardian’s John Curtice put it, “it’s the Conservatives who will be seen to be the best-placed to make the most of a change”.
The Brexit vote also changed the political landscape in some ways.
One of the biggest advantages for Conservative intellectuals was that they could afford to be seen as more left wing.
They had been given a platform to speak out, and their voices were listened to.
As a result, the Conservative party lost its advantage in the minds of many voters.2.
Conservative intellectuals begin to criticise Brexit.
In 2016, I attended a party conference in London.
As I looked around, I saw a lot of academics who had never met each other and had no political affiliation.
Some were members of the Conservative Party, but others were journalists and policy wonks.
They spoke in a very relaxed and friendly manner.
It was the first time I’d seen such a group of people together.
There were also a lot more academics in their 20s and 30s than in previous years.
They were excited about Brexit.
But the party had lost its electoral advantage.
I didn’t want to get involved, so I left and went to a local pub.
It wasn’t long before I was greeted by the people sitting across from me.
They’d all been talking about Brexit, the EU and immigration, and how Britain was losing its influence.
One said to me: “You’re an intellectual!”
I was surprised, and asked him: “Why?”
He replied: “Because you’re a Tory!”
It was a bit of a shock to me.
I’d never met the group.
But it felt like a sign that the Conservatives had lost the confidence of the intellectual elite.3.
Conservative MPs start to criticize Brexit.
After the Brexit vote, Conservative MPs began to critic a range of policy proposals from the EU, such as extending access to the single market and allowing citizens to remain in the country.
They also began to push for changes to the welfare system, including extending the work requirement for people on benefits and allowing them to receive up to £50,000 a year in housing benefit.
The Tory Party’s manifesto included a pledge to protect the right of all people to live in the UK, and the party’s policy papers would often highlight how it was in the interests of the country to remain part of the EU’s single market.
Conservative MPs also began a campaign to make it easier for people to leave the country and to introduce a cap on immigration.
They argued that if Britain wanted to remain an important European country, it had to make its immigration policy more flexible and open.4.
Conservatives lose seats and majorities in local government elections.
As the Brexit negotiations continued, the Conservatives lost seats and their majority in local elections.
But a few key Conservatives also fell in the elections.
The most notable was John Redwood, who had served as the Conservative MP for South Yorkshire from 2015 until 2017.
He was the MP for the constituency of Chipping Barnet since 2015, and was a former cabinet minister under David Cameron.
But in 2019, the Tories lost all but one of his seats.
The Tories also lost control of the London Assembly and the London Borough of Camden.
And they lost control over the London and South East regions.
The election result was significant for many reasons.
It helped give the Conservatives a political boost in the wake of the election, and gave them a boost of confidence that they might have to work hard to re-create their position.
But it also showed that Conservatives are not immune to the effects of Brexit on their fortunes.
As this article from The Independent explains, the political consequences of Brexit were not confined to London.
The Conservatives lost control in a number of other constituencies across the country, including Manchester, the South East, the North West, the West Midlands, the Midlands, and parts of Wales.5.
Conservatives suffer major losses in local and European elections.
The next year, the British Conservative Party lost all its local government seats in England and Wales, and all of its parliamentary seats.
The party lost control, for example, in South East England, where the Conservatives were leading. The same