Australia’s new laws to define intellectual development disability are aimed at making it easier for people to gain citizenship.
The Australian Government’s Citizenship and Immigration Legislation Amendment (Amendment) Bill 2017 was introduced on Monday and will come into effect on November 30.
It will create a “qualifying condition” for the right to be granted citizenship, similar to the conditions required for dual citizenship.
Australian law already recognises intellectual development disabilities (IDDs) as a disability.
In 2016, the Australian Government introduced the Australian Citizens Rights Act, which recognised IDDs as a disabled person’s “special disability”.
This act was also amended in 2019, to ensure that the criteria for citizenship are broader than those for dual citizenships.
The Bill also creates a “special condition” which allows a person to apply to become a citizen.
This is similar to a special condition for the citizenship of a non-resident Australian citizen.
The new legislation aims to make it easier to gain the right, but not necessarily for every Australian, to acquire citizenship.
The amendment requires a “qualified and medically proven impairment” to qualify for the status.
The Government has also stated that people who suffer from an impairment will not be automatically eligible for citizenship under the new legislation.
The amendments also provide for the Government to consider the “health, psychological, social and economic well-being of an individual with an impairment”.
These changes come as a result of a series of major policy changes announced by Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull last year, including the introduction of a new citizenship policy.
The first of these changes was the introduction on October 5 of the Australian Citizenship and Nationality Act, introduced by the then Prime Minister and now Prime Minister, Malcolm Turnbull.
The Act creates a new “qualification condition” to apply for citizenship.
This will allow people to apply on a case-by-case basis for citizenship based on the health, psychological or social wellbeing of the applicant.
Currently, the eligibility criteria for people applying for citizenship in Australia is set out in the Australian Federal Parliament Act.
The ACT amendments will also make it possible for the Commonwealth Government to take a “health” or “psychological” opinion from the Australian Medical Association about the health or psychological wellbeing of a person applying for a citizenship.
A new “health assessment” will also be required from the Commonwealth to determine whether a person with a “mental impairment” qualifies for citizenship or not.
This new assessment will determine if a person meets a “physical or mental impairment” which may include an “impairment in intellectual functioning”.
People who meet the criteria set out above will also have the option to apply under the special condition of “qualified” for citizenship if they have a “psychiatric impairment”.
There are currently two different requirements for a person who meets the criteria to apply.
People with a mental impairment may only apply for a special citizenship if:They meet the “physical” requirement by having an “unstable and undiagnosed mental impairment”; or They meet the mental impairment criteria by having a “physiological” impairment.
A person can also apply for “special” citizenship based solely on their “mental impairments” if they meet the physical criteria.
Currently people who meet one of these two requirements can apply for special citizenship under a “Special Condition”.
For example, someone who meets both physical and mental impairments may be eligible for special passport or citizenship under this special condition.
The current criteria are not based on a person’s mental health or mental functioning, and are therefore not designed to be a comprehensive and universal way of identifying people with mental health problems.
There is a significant risk that the changes will create unfair obstacles for people who have suffered an “incorrect diagnosis” or have had their mental health assessed incorrectly.
This has been a longstanding concern, particularly for people with serious mental illness.
The Government has previously announced that the Government will develop a new process for the determination of mental health needs and that the new process will be developed in partnership with the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare.
In the meantime, people who need special care, such as people with severe mental illness, or who are already suffering from an “irreversible” disability may also be able to apply if they are able to demonstrate that they have suffered “significant and irreversible impairment”.
If a person is deemed to have a significant and irreparable impairment, they may also apply to be treated as having a mental illness for purposes of the “special conditions” in the Act.
This means that people with “significant mental impairment”, “irrevocable” disability and “significant impairment in intellectual function” will be able “to qualify for a passport” under the Special Conditions.
There are also concerns that this new “special accommodation” could result in people with a disability who are otherwise able to travel, accessing services, and even going to university, becoming “unqualified” to obtain citizenship.
It will also not be possible to apply as a dual citizen under the existing special conditions.
A “special impairment” will need to