By Sarah McBride, National Geographic Creative DirectorThis article originally appeared on National Geographic News.
Read moreThe intellectual disability spectrum is a diverse and challenging category of impairments that includes intellectual impairment that limits or prevents the ability to understand and learn from, think, write, comprehend, remember, and write about information, and cognitive impairments, such as cognitive delay, that affect how the brain processes information and how it processes emotions.
For the vast majority of people, cognitive impairment is a symptom, not a cause of intellectual disability.
This article describes some of the best ways to help them overcome the symptoms of cognitive impairment and to build the skills they need to succeed in the workforce, academe, the workplace and beyond.
To help people understand what cognitive impairment means, we have defined intellectual disability as an intellectual disability that is the result of a specific set of impairings that significantly impair a person’s ability to perform, think and communicate.
It includes learning disabilities, intellectual disabilities that are not related to cognitive impairions, and learning disabilities that result from neurological or medical conditions.
For example, a person with severe learning disabilities might be unable to read a simple sentence and might have trouble remembering it, or might have difficulty using a computer.
In a study of people with learning disabilities in the United States, about 1 in 5 had severe learning or language disabilities.
People with cognitive impairings are often identified by their behavior and the way they respond to others.
For example, people with cognitive impairment are often considered insensitive, overly-critical, insensitive to criticism, and hypersensitive to discomfort.
In other words, they respond differently to challenges, especially those that are different from their own personality.
A person with intellectual disability may also experience difficulty in understanding complex information.
For instance, a man might struggle to understand the difference between a product or service that is intended for someone with a cognitive disability and a product that is designed to be for people without a cognitive impairment.
The following questions and answers will help you understand what the differences between cognitive impairment, intellectual disability and learning disability are and how to help someone overcome them.
A cognitive impairment causes your brain to make decisions about when and how much to process information.
A person with a severe cognitive impairment has trouble performing simple tasks like counting, counting numbers, or learning to read.
A severe cognitive or intellectual disability results from a problem with the ability of your brain or brain circuits to process and process information, such that it is difficult to remember things or remember events that are out of your control.
A learning disability causes a person to learn new things, but not the skills that they need in the workplace, in school or in their careers.
A learning disability can affect a person for life and affects how well they can learn.
A significant number of people are learning disabilities because they can’t learn basic math skills or basic English language skills.
For more information about cognitive impairment in the classroom, read this article.
An intellectual disability causes your thinking and reasoning to become more complex, more abstract and less organized, and you might not be able to do the same kind of tasks or use the same kinds of skills.
This may cause you to be less effective in certain types of jobs or activities, or to find it more difficult to complete your work or school assignments.
A serious intellectual disability is also a sign of a serious disability that will require lifelong care, disability services, or disability-related rehabilitation services.
Learn more about intellectual disability in the community.
The cognitive and intellectual disabilities are different.
In addition to the different impairments involved, there are some differences in the way that the two impairments interact with each other.
This helps you understand the symptoms that may indicate cognitive or mental impairment and how people with these impairments can overcome them and to improve their life.
Intellectual disability and cognitive impairment can occur at the same time.
They can be experienced at different times, at different levels, and with different severity.
They often overlap, and some people with severe intellectual disability can experience cognitive impairment while having a mild intellectual disability or cognitive impairment without a severe intellectual or intellectual impairment.
A serious cognitive or cognitive disability results in:Difficulty with a particular skill or problem, such a problem requiring an immediate action or problem requiring more time to solve.
Difficulty thinking or doing something, such problems requiring a long, or difficult, period of time to think about it, and making decisions about it.
Differences in how people process information and emotions.
This may include difficulty with making decisions, difficulty reading and understanding complex texts, difficulty with working with others, difficulty working with people with intellectual disabilities or cognitive disabilities, and difficulty in managing your stress.
A severe cognitive disability causes:Difficulties with a specific task or problem that requires an immediate, or very long, action or that requires a lot of thought and effort.
Difficulty working with, and even being around, people who are people with disabilities