Creative thinkers have a higher cognitive capacity than average, a new study finds.
In fact, creative thinkers are more intelligent than average and they can think more creatively than the general population.
The results are the first to link intellectual ability to creative performance and creativity.
The findings could help psychologists understand the brain’s neural mechanisms that can produce creative thinking.
The study, published in the Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, found that higher cognitive abilities, especially intellectual ability, are associated with higher creativity.
“This research suggests that higher intellectual capacity is related to higher creativity,” said study researcher Roberta J. S. Biederman, a psychology professor at Rutgers University and the University of Texas at Austin.
“In other words, higher intellectual ability is related in part to higher creative thinking, creativity, and creativity in general.”
Biedeman said the research is important because it shows that creativity is not just a result of intelligence, but also higher intellectual abilities and creativity is strongly related to creativity.
People with higher intellectual capacities are more likely to have higher IQs, which in turn can be correlated with higher creative abilities, Biedermans research found.
In addition, people with higher cognitive capacities tend to have more academic achievements, as well as greater creative abilities.
Bienert said creativity is related not only to intellectual ability but also to cognitive flexibility.
For example, people who have more cognitive flexibility tend to be able to make creative decisions, Bienerts research found, and people who are creative tend to enjoy themselves more.
“Creativity is a process, and it depends on the ability to think creatively, which is why creativity is important for life,” Bienet said.
“If creativity is a skill, you need to have a high intellectual capacity and a high cognitive capacity to make things happen.”
This study does not indicate whether higher intellectual or cognitive abilities are associated, but it suggests that intellectual abilities may be a prerequisite for higher creativity and therefore higher creative ability,” she said.
The researchers found that creative people are more creative than noncreative people.
They also found that people who do not have a creative talent are more innovative than people who had a creative one.
For instance, people were more creative when they had a creativity problem.
For those who did not have creativity problems, creative thinking was related to lower intellectual capacity.
“It’s not a homogeneous population, but this suggests that it’s important to look at the diversity of creativity in a broader perspective.” “
The creativity in our data comes from diverse individuals,” she told ABC News.
“It’s not a homogeneous population, but this suggests that it’s important to look at the diversity of creativity in a broader perspective.”
Bienery said the findings also suggest that higher levels of intellectual ability may also have different effects on creativity.
It could be that the higher intellectual capabilities may make it easier for people to think more logically, and thus, to think better.
“That would be an interesting hypothesis,” she explained.
“We think that creativity and intellectual abilities go together, but we need to study more.”
The study involved two groups of participants: Creative thinkers and noncreatives.
Participants were given a questionnaire to assess their creative abilities and cognitive flexibility, which were measured by the Bienermans method.
The creative thinkers were asked to write an essay that reflected their creative thinking and then to complete a creative problem.
The noncreativists had to create an art work that was creative in nature and not for money.
The artists in the creative group were asked what art they would create, and what kind of artwork would they choose.
The authors then compared the creative groups to the noncreativist group.
The team then compared creativity scores for the creative and non-creativist groups.
Bielert said the researchers have not found that intellectual ability affects creativity.
Byingerman said there is some evidence that higher intelligence is associated with creativity.
For one, there is evidence that people with more intelligence are more able to think logically.
“They can think in a way that is much more creative,” Biedert said.
Also, creativity is highly correlated with a number of other traits, such as empathy and positive emotions.
For more on creativity, see ABC News’ Creativity: The Science Behind Creativity.